Psychologically Montessori observed doubts, hesitations, violent emotions and a surprising decrease of intellectual capacity.
It seems a galaxy apart from the story of children from history whose overriding emotion can only have been that of utter fear when the alien world they arrived in was not equipped to foster the soft landing needed, and the common collective unconscious perception of the child was an adult in deficiency of adulthood.
Signet Books Ellis, Albert. The educational environment must give adolescents opportunities to prove their worth to themselves and to interact with adults who can be mentors.
Give him stories [that compare weak and strong]. Traditional education assumes that development is linear: Montessori called this period Maturity.
Through such interactive experiences, young children develop self-esteem, become more and more independent, and form a sense of belonging to their community as contributors, through their physical actions.
She sites a time in the middle ages when universities inspired towns to be built around them as they were the epicentres of cultural richness and development a.
As an educational approach, Montessori is unique in taking child development into account at every level: The reason for this he believed is that writing is much more abstract therefore the child has to deliberately think about the sound structure of each word, then reproduce it in alphabetical symbols Vygotsky, Again, how wonderfully simplistic.
She emphatically argued the mistake people were making with this notion was to pay attention only to the conscious mind. Traditional education assumes that development is linear: The characteristics of each are so different that the passages from one phase to the other has been described by certain psychologists as 'rebirths'.
And thirdly Montessori observed a need in the child of six to associate himself with others, not merely for the sake of company, but in some sort of organized activity Montessori, b.
The intelligence she observed had been extroverted, producing an unusual demand on the part of the child to know the reason for the things they encounter Montessori, b.
Taking the child wherever she goes is the best way for the child to be exposed to the sounds, smells and imagery that make up the values and moral sentiments of the environment.
This is a critical aspect of this stage of development. The natural motivation to learn creates a certain enthusiasm within the child that if promoted, will remain a part of the individual throughout life. At this stage the child is partly at home, partly in school.
Mentally, he is in a state of health, strength and assured stability. We have to help the child to act, will and think for himself. Both Banich and Montessori identify the greatest example of this as being the predisposition of the child to acquire language.
The teacher or guide as in the second part of the first plane is a significant influence in this environment and Montessori has a clear vision for the preparation of teachers using her method. The natural motivation to learn creates a certain enthusiasm within the child that if promoted, will remain a part of the individual throughout life.
He has within him an insatiable desire to know which works in tandem with his steady physical growth. Lyle Stuart Haines, A. The first 24 years of a child’s life is divided to four planes or stages of development each consist of a period of six years.
Within these stages the development is intense at the beginning, consolidates and then tapers to the next. She described human development as occurring in a series of four planes, or periods, and in developed a graphic to help explain the concept.
Here's a version: The flame at birth represents the beginning of life: the spark of existence. Four Planes of Development I. Introduction: Education as an Aid to Life. The Montessori "method" is actually a philosophy of education. That philosophy emphasizes that education should go far beyond the mere acquisition of knowledge, and instead be a practical aid to life/5(1).
The Four Planes of Development The first 24 years of a child’s life is divided to four planes or stages of development each consist of a period of six years. Within these stages the development is intense at the beginning, consolidates and then tapers to the next. The Planes of Development The Four Planes of Development is the holistic framework upon which Montessori built her vision of developmental psychology.
This theory encompasses human development from birth until maturity at age (Four Planes of Education, p. 2) "Education, therefore, of little ones is important, especially from three to six years of age, because this is the embryonic period for the formation of character and of society, (just as the period from birth to three is that for forming the mind, and .The four planes of development