Health education and hygiene promotion efforts target populations in shelters, temporary camps, collective kitchens, or prepared food distribution centers. Donations of useless medical supplies and medicines and the belated arrival of medical or fact-finding teams add to the stress of local staff members who may be personally affected by the disaster.
The cost-effectiveness of the external relief effort could often be increased by shifting resources from the overattended medical response to the improvement of environmental health in temporary settlements.
Particularly valuable natural resources such as endangered species of wildlife, fish, and plants should be identified in mitigation plans and protection measures included in disaster response plans. Ministries of health often can obtain indirect financial support for their own activities through UN projects.
Some Reflections on a Changing Field of Knowledge. Though geological events may occur independently of any human control, available data suggest that mankind plays a role in global climate.
A formalized mechanism to transmit and share those lessons learned from past errors and to build the response capacity is required in the health sector.
Donations of useless medical supplies and medicines and the belated arrival of medical or fact-finding teams add to the stress of local staff members who may be personally affected by the disaster. Funding for Reconstruction Funding for reconstruction is multisectoral and is often coordinated by an international financing institution global or regionaltogether with a consortium of large donor countries.
Humanitarian offices may support promotion of the concept, development of guidelines or studies on vulnerabilities, and training. These programs should include: Economic valuation rests on the basic concepts of direct damage and indirect losses. The control of communicable diseases and other public health programs suffer from loss of laboratory support and diagnostic capabilities of hospitals.
Gender Reports on immediate morbidity and mortality according to gender are not as conclusive. Similar directives, supported by active enforcement programs, are needed at the state and local levels, and they should encompass all relevant natural hazards.
Resources for Emergency Response The amount of external resources available for response, financial or material, is influenced by the type of hazard, geopolitical considerations, and the number of deaths rather than that of survivors in need of assistance.
Recognizing shortcomings in governance when in contact with the many bilateral fact-finding or assessment missions coming to the disaster site.
Mass Casualties Treatment Following natural disasters, hospital capacity may be considerably reduced by actual damage to the facility or, in the case of a seismic event, an often unnecessary—but hard to reverse—evacuation. Participation of external actors UN agencies, donors, or NGOs in designing and implementing the training is critical.
Compatible uses of floodplains and other hazardous areas should be incorporated into local planning and zoning so that losses are reduced. Reconstructing facilities with the same vulnerability and level of service as before would be unacceptable; the affected health infrastructure must be replaced by more resilient and efficient installations to ensure better and sustainable service.
Journal of the American Medical Association. However, the following analysis focuses on the health infrastructure understood as health care facilities, including hospitals, health centers, laboratories, and blood banks and the drinking water and sanitation infrastructure.
The immediate health burden is directly dependent on the nature of the hazard. What matters is the process of identifying possible overlaps or gaps and building a consensus—not the paper plan itself.
The UN has calculated that 97% of all deaths related to natural disasters occur in developing countries. - It is the poor who occupy high risk locations, such as flood plains, river banks, steep slopes and reclaimed land exposed to disasters.
Essay on Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries Words 9 Pages The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
Essay on Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries Words | 9 Pages this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
percent [sic] of all deaths from natural disasters occur in developing countries. One billion people are living in the world’s unplanned shantytowns, and 40 of the 50 fastest growing cities are located in earthquake zones. Another. Technological hazards increase rapidly with the unregulated industrialization of developing countries and the globalization of the chemical industry, suggesting that chemical emergencies may become a major source of disasters in the 21st century.
With the steady advance of urbanization in developing and middle-income countries and expectations of more intense natural catastrophes related to global climate change, the human and economic costs of natural disasters are likely to keep rising.Mitigating disasters in developing countries essay